Sarcopenia in Non-Dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: Prevalence and Associated Factors

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      Frontiers Media S.A., 2022.
    • Publication Date:
      2022
    • Abstract:
      BackgroundSarcopenia is related to morbidity and mortality in non-dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease (ND-CKD) patients; however, the pathophysiology of sarcopenia remains unclear. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with sarcopenia in ND-CKD individuals.MethodsWe cross-sectionally evaluated 139 prevalent ND-CKD patients attending our outpatient clinic at Hospital das Clínicas of the Federal University of Pernambuco, between April and October 2019. Patients older than 18 years old and at G3-G5 CKD stages were included. Hand grip strength, Muscle Mass appendicular Index, and Gait Speed (GS) were defined by the standards of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People 2 guideline.ResultsSarcopenia prevalence was 20.9% and severe sarcopenia 2.9%. Sarcopenic were mostly found in elderly ones (64.8 ± 13.5 years vs. 54.9 ± 12.8 years, p < 0.001), revealing lower body mass index [26.1 (6.8) vs. 28.6 (6.2), p = 0.023], lower phase angle (PhA) [4.50 (1.10) vs. 5.60 (1.20), p < 0.001] and lower GS [1.00 (0.50) vs. 1.40 (0.4), p < 0.001]. They also presented lower serum creatinine levels [2.40 (1.50) vs. 3.0 (1.8), p = 0.032], lower Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio [72.60 (1008.30) vs. 342.30 (1172.1), p = 0.039] and Hemoglobin levels [11.45 (1.8) vs. 12.60 (2.40), p = 0.003], and higher levels of C-reactive protein [0.2 (0.80) vs. 0.03 (0.3), p = 0.045] compared to non-sarcopenic. Under Poisson Multivariate Model, PhA [Relative precision (RP): 0.364, Confidence Interval (CI) (95%):0.259–0.511, p < 0.001], Interleukin six (IL-6) [RP: 1.006, CI (95%):1.001–1.01, p = 0.02] and serum creatinine levels [RP: 0.788, CI (95%): 0.641–0.969, p = 0.024] were associated with sarcopenia.ConclusionsSarcopenia predominance was identified in our ND-CKD population, and was associated with lower PhA values, higher IL-6 levels, and lower serum creatinine levels.
    • File Description:
      electronic resource
    • ISSN:
      2296-858X
    • Relation:
      https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmed.2022.854410/full; https://doaj.org/toc/2296-858X
    • Accession Number:
      10.3389/fmed.2022.854410
    • Accession Number:
      edsdoj.2f1c4f64d9ab4ba385c7e552ff4c65ee